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What is melasma?
Melasma is a benign skin condition which leads to brown or grey-brown patches on the face. The patches, which are a result of skin tan or discolouration of the dark skin, occur mostly on forehead, cheeks, chin, above the upper lip and bridge of the nose. In rare cases it may also develop in the forearm or neck area. Women especially with darker skin are more affected by it as compared to men.
What are the main causes of Melasma?
The cause of melasma is still not clear. The likely cause is that melanocytes, the colour making skin cells, produce too much colour. Exposure to ultraviolet rays of the sun stimulates melanocytes. Many people get melasma repeatedly as it can return after fading with just a bit of exposure to sunlight. The skin condition can also be triggered by hormone oestrogen from birth control pills and hormone replacement medicines. Oestrogen also causes melasma in pregnant women. It is also hereditary.
How is Melasma treated?
In case of pregnant women or women on birth control pills, melasma may fade on its own once the woman delivers the baby or stops taking birth control pills and so is the case in women taking hormone replacement medicines. It can be treated in several ways which can also be combined for better results. Avoiding factors which triggers it can help in its treatment. Avoiding exposure to sun and use of sun block creams can also help to lessen the patches. Cosmetic procedures such as melasma peels, micro-dermabrasion, vibradermabrasion, medical graded pigmentation cream, melasma laser treatment and IPL treatment might be used to treat this condition.
Benefits of having Melasma Treatment
This treatment helps to diminish the brown patches from the skin. This makes your skin look natural, clearer, to regain your looks and confidence.
Who should have Melasma Treatment?
Any adult, over the age of 18, who is suffering from melasma can undertake the treatment.
How does Melasma Treatment work?
Peeling chemicals are applied to the affected area during the melasma peel treatment to cause selective tissue peeling.
In micro-dermabrasion, vacuum suctions and abrasive materials such as diamond chips or aluminium oxide crystals are used to shed the top layers of the skin.
Laser treatment uses laser to vaporize the superficial and deep pigmentation leaving the surrounding area unaffected.
In IPL or Intense Pulse light treatment, light pulses are emitted into the skin which are absorbed by the pigments and fade away in about two weeks.
At Skinnotion we offer the latest laser technology Picosure plus other treatment modalities for melasma and pigmentations.
What areas can be treated?
Most areas that have pigmentation can be treated.
How many treatments will it take?
The number of treatments needed depends upon the area and the extent of the patches. Normally you would require three to seven treatments at intervals of three to six weeks.
How long will the results last?
The results of melasma treatments, if proper care is taken, can last for a long time. The duration varies from person to person.
What aftercare do I need?
The most important aftercare that you need to take is to avoid exposure to sun as it can trigger melasma. You should use a high factor sunscreen daily and wear a broad hat to save your skin from exposure to sun.
Melasma Treatment for Men
Only a small fraction of melasma patients are men and they can undergo the treatment to get rid of it.
Melasma Treatment Prices
The cost of the treatment depends upon the type of treatment and the area being treated.
Want to know more about Melasma & Pigmentation Treatment in Sydney?
Contact Skinnotion now on 02 4655 6638.
You should discontinue taking products containing glycolic acid and retinoic acid for around three to four days prior to your procedure.
You must stay away from intense sunlight about a week before your Melasma treatment.
If you are prone to cold sores, you may be prescribed an antiviral medication.
You should avoid strenuous exercise for three to four days though short leisurely walks are advisable.
You must avoid going out in the sun especially, during the afternoon as it may trigger a reappearance of patches.
You should use sun protection cream at all times.
In case you have to go out in the sun please cover the affected area and wear a broad brimmed hat.
FAQ’sWhat are the risks?
There is no Melasma cure and the treatments can only reduce its impact. The patches may return from sun exposure.
Melasma Laser treatments and IPL treatments may, in rare cases, worsen the condition.
You may develop redness or soreness after undergoing a Melasma treatment.
Any healthy adult over the age of 18 can have a Melasma treatment.
A Melasma peel and a Melasma Laser treatment are not excessively painful. However, you may feel a little burning sensation similar to being hit by a rubber band during your IPL treatment.
The duration of a Melasma treatment depends upon the area, the extent of pigmentation and the type of treatment. The average treatment time ranges from five minutes to an hour.
There are no Melasma cures available because a Melasma Peel, IPL and Melasma Laser treatments can only reduce its severity.
Melasma may worsen after a Melasma Laser treatment and an IPL treatment due to the heat generated by both procedures.
The chances of skin irregularities after a Melasma Peel and a Melasma Laser treatment are minimal.
There may be some swelling and bruising which will normally resolve in a few days.
There are no bandages applied.
You do not need to take time off work after your Melasma Peel or
Melasma Laser treatment.
You can start to exercise three to four days after your Melasma
Preventing sun exposure is the key to treating Melasma. Even a little
exposure of the sun can trigger Melasma. You must apply sunscreen with an SPF of 30+. You must avoid going out in the sun between 11am and 3pm. In case you have to go out, you should wear a broad-brimmed hat or cover the affected area.
There is no need to follow a particular diet after your Melasma
The results are not permanent as exposure to sunlight may retrigger Melasma again. However, the results after a Melasma treatment can be long lasting if proper care is taken.
Scarring is rare.
There is no problem in driving back home after your Melasma procedure.
You will have to return for post-operative care in order for your doctor to monitor your progress.
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The content provided on this website is for informational purposes only and in no way intended to substitute the professional medical advice given by a physician during an in-office consultation and examination. Any photographs/illustrations on this website cannot be copied and reprinted in any way without written permission from Skinnotion.